Analysis of the Structural Manufacturability of Parts

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Understanding Structural Manufacturability

Structural manufacturability of parts refers to the feasibility and economic efficiency of manufacturing the designed parts while meeting the requirements. Good structural manufacturability means that parts can be conveniently manufactured under existing process conditions at a lower cost. This not only saves resources but also minimizes unnecessary complications during actual operations.

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Analysis and Review of Product Assembly and Part Drawings

When formulating process procedures, the primary task is to carefully analyze the part drawings. These drawings are the main source of information for creating process procedures. To deeply understand the structural features and technical requirements of the parts, it’s also necessary to study the product’s general assembly drawings, sub-assembly drawings, and acceptance standards. This helps understand the functions of the parts, their fit with related parts, and the basis for setting the main technical requirements. Through process analysis of the parts, any issues can be identified and modifications can be proposed, which is crucial for formulating reasonable process procedures.

Key points in the analysis of part drawings include:

  1. Dimensional accuracy: Whether the dimensions of each surface of the part meet the accuracy requirements.
  2. Shape accuracy: Whether the shape of the part meets the design requirements.
  3. Positional accuracy: Whether the positional relationships between different parts are precise.
  4. Surface roughness and quality: Whether the surface smoothness and quality requirements are met.
  5. Heat treatment and other requirements: Such as dynamic balance and other special requirements.

The purpose of analyzing the technical requirements of parts is to identify the main surfaces of the parts, thereby determining the machining methods and process measures for these surfaces. Additionally, it is necessary to check the rationality of the technical requirements. If any errors or omissions are found in the views, dimensions, or technical requirements on the drawings, modification suggestions should be proposed. However, modifications must be agreed upon by the designers and go through certain approval procedures.

Analysis of Structural Manufacturability of Parts

Measurement Criteria

The manufacturability of mechanical product structures should be considered from the following aspects:

  1. Total number of parts: Fewer parts, more standard parts and mature parts are better.
  2. Average precision of mechanical parts: Lower precision is better.
  3. Material usage: Less and cheaper materials are better.
  4. Proportion of various manufacturing methods: Using non-cutting processes and cost-effective processing methods is better.
  5. Complexity of product assembly: Parts without additional processing and adjustment are better.

Design Considerations

To improve the machinability of parts, the following points should be noted in structural design:

  1. Feasibility and convenience of processing: The machined surfaces should facilitate tool entry and exit.
  2. Economic rationality of dimensional accuracy and surface roughness: Weight should be reduced as much as possible, the area of machined surfaces should be minimized, and internal surface machining should be minimized.
  3. Positional requirements of surfaces: Surfaces with mutual positional requirements should be machined in a single setup whenever possible.
  4. Simplification of machined surface shapes: Surfaces should be arranged on the same plane or axis to reduce tool adjustments and passes, thus improving efficiency.
  5. Standardization of structural elements: Sizes should be standardized, and standard tools and gauges should be used to reduce the variety of tools and gauges and the frequency of tool changes.

Considerations in Blank Manufacturing

Design of Castings and Forgings

  • Castings: Wall thickness should be uniform to facilitate molding.
  • Forgings: Shapes should be simple to facilitate die release.

Assembly Considerations

Parts should be designed to facilitate assembly and reduce the need for adjustments. For example, adding process flanges or holes for clamping can facilitate screw or pressure plate clamping, as well as lifting and handling.

Machining Considerations

Reasonable marking of the technical requirements of parts can facilitate installation and machining, improving machining quality and production efficiency. For example, surfaces that do not require machining should not be designed as machined surfaces, and surfaces with low requirements should not be designed with high accuracy and low surface roughness, as this would increase costs.

Reasonable Determination of Technical Requirements for Parts

Application of Standardized Parameters

Standardized parameters should be used as much as possible, such as hole diameters, taper, thread diameters and pitches, gear modules and pressure angles, arc radii, and groove dimensions. This allows the use of standard tools, clamps, and gauges, reducing the design and manufacturing cycle and cost of special fixtures.

Use of Standard Parts and Profiles

Standard parts such as screws, nuts, bearings, washers, springs, and seals should be used as much as possible. Standard profiles should be used for blanks whenever they meet the usage requirements. This reduces the workload for blank manufacturing, and since profiles have good performance, it can reduce machining time and save materials.

Reasonable Dimension Marking

  1. Mark dimensions in the order of machining to minimize dimension conversions and allow for easy and accurate measurement.
  2. Mark dimensions from actual and easy-to-measure surfaces, and during machining, the process datum should coincide with the design datum as much as possible.
  3. Non-machined surface positions should be directly marked, and there should be a link dimension between machined and non-machined surfaces.

Convenience in Structural Design of Parts

Ease of Installation

Parts should be designed for easy installation, accurate positioning, and reliable clamping. For example, adding process flanges or holes for clamping on large flat plate parts can facilitate screw or pressure plate clamping and make lifting and handling easier.

Reducing Machined Area

Designing the base surface of supports to be concave can reduce the amount of machining required, thus reducing tool and material consumption and ensuring good fitting during assembly.

Reducing Setup Times

Parts should be designed to minimize the number of setups, reducing installation errors and auxiliary time, improving cutting efficiency, and ensuring accuracy. For example, designing bosses of different heights to be the same height allows them to be machined in one pass, improving productivity and ensuring accuracy.

Hole Design

The axis of holes should be perpendicular to the inlet and outlet end faces, avoiding drilling on curved or inclined surfaces to improve productivity and ensure accuracy.

Standardizing Features like Relief Grooves, Transition Arcs, Tapered Surfaces, and Keyways

Similar features on the same stepped shaft should be unified as much as possible to reduce the variety of tools and tool changes, saving auxiliary time.

Example Data Table

Below is a simplified data table example for analyzing part manufacturability:

ItemRequirement or FeatureOptimization Measures
Dimensional AccuracyHigh precisionUse high-precision machining equipment and processes
Surface RoughnessLow roughnessUse fine machining and polishing processes
Material ConsumptionLowOptimize design to reduce unnecessary material waste
Manufacturing MethodsHigh proportion of non-cutting processesPrefer forming, casting, and other non-cutting processes
Assembly ComplexitySimpleDesign easy-to-assemble structures, reducing assembly steps
Standard Part Usage RateHighUse standard parts to minimize the use of custom parts
Setup TimesFewOptimize process flow to reduce setups and adjustments

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Want.Net Technical Team

Want.Net Technical Team

The Want.Net Technical Team has diverse members with extensive education and training in CNC machining. They prioritize precision, efficiency, and innovation to provide high-quality manufacturing solutions globally.

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